• Home
  • Technology
  • Technological Process

2016 Summer Collection

Technological Process

We produce high quality flooring by advanced machines

 

Professional Engineered Wood Flooring Production

"Divided into Two Important Process which is"

Main Process Of Floor Board Core Materials

Timber selection and cutting, rotary cutting of wood segments and drying, solid wood board selection, glue preparation and coating, slab board stacking and formation, cold press stabilization, hot press bonding, thickness setting and sanding, edge cutting and dividing, internal stress stabilization (conditioning, foundation material cooling)

Major Procedures Of Floor Board Manufacturing

  1. Core cutting, line drawing, coating, selection of wood plies, cross-grain slab board formation, hot press formation (slab board)
  2. Slab board cutting, thickness setting, board surface polishing, sanding, edge sawing and dividing, internal stress stabilization (conditioning, slab board cooling)
  3. Floor board cutting and grooving, coating and drying; finished goods categorization, packing and put into cartons, finished goods quality assurance, storage.


  • 1. Timber Selection & Cutting

    1. Timber Selection & Cutting

    Quality of timber affects floor board quality to great extend. Good timber produces high quality floor boards. Core material and wood veneers are purchased from Malaysia tropical forest and selected carefully by appointed specialist directly in the field. Quality control starts from selection of timber. High quality timber is selected to maximize usage, among the woods, soft woods and super hard woods are disposed of to avoid inappropriate materials from going into process. Timber with high moisture content is discarded too as uneven moisture content would affect the formation of core materials. After that, the timber would be cut by segment according to requirements and cut further into square, the bark is removed, then softened and dried to set and sliced into thin woods etc.
  • 2. Wood Rotary Cut & Drying

    2. Wood Rotary Cut & Drying

    This process is used to produce multilayer solid wood engineered flooring’s thin wood and veneer board of core materials, one of the key processes of flooring’s core materials. Solid wood thin board and veneer board’s qualities are closely related with finished floor board’s quality. The wood segment will be rotary cut according to it’s quality, solid wood board’s thickness must be even, hence before actual operation is started, ‘round point’ of the wood must be found.

    Sophisticated production facilities are deployed, by using different measuring gadgets, stringent monitoring and sampling inspection, thickness tolerance of product will be effectively controlled. Rotary cut solid thin woods have even thickness, the blade must be sharp to reduce crack and elastic edge problems. After rotary cutting is performed, it is followed by drying to achieve 6%-12% moisture content.

  • 3. Solid Thin Wood Selection

    3. Solid Thin Wood Selection

    Solid thin wood of even and ideal thickness without flaw and fracture are selected as core materials. The selection is carried out by professionals, smooth, non-decaying, not bubbling, no holes caused by worm, no fracture and no dead knot’s solid thin wood are selected. To fulfill the requirement of processing technology, solid thin wood’s moisture content is controlled under 12%.

  • 4. Board Gluing & Arrangement

    4. Board Gluing & Arrangement

    Professional gluing facilities of NIRO3 are used to ensure even amount of gluing and to increase gluing efficiency. 7-9 sheets of solid thin woods applied with glue are arranged accordingly with the grain running in alternate directions, bonded together to change original extending direction of wood fibers and to improve solid wood’s wet expansion and dry shrinkage limitation. This unique number of layers has reduced phenomenon of curling and deformation when core thin woods are glued with veneer board. The eco-friendly glue used has also improved the adhesive property of flooring, its formaldehyde level fulfills E1 Class of European standard that helps to protect human health.

    Note: NIRO3, a scientific formula which produces and emits negative ions and far infrared rays.

  • 5. Thin Wood Hot Press Bonding

    5. Thin Wood Hot Press Bonding

    Hot press is a vital procedure in solid wood production process, it relates directly to finished flooring’s quality. Introduce core materials into cold press machine for 30 minutes of stabilization to help reduce hot press duration, increase hot press machine production efficiency and volume; introduce core materials into hot press machine then, strictly follow hot press technology’s parameters to ensure product internal bonding strength and quality stability.

    There are 3 main criteria of hot press: time, temperature and pressure; for the hot press facilities used, pressure and temperature set are the same as the pressure and temperature of normal floor board, complementing hot press technology to ensure quality of products. The measuring gadgets include caliper that measure product thickness, moisture meter which measures product’s moisture content, electronic far infra red pyrometer that measures press machine’s actual temperature, anydeviation will be rectified immediately.

  • 6.Core Thickness Setting & Sanding

    6.Core Thickness Setting & Sanding

    Defects in core materials would be reflected on the decorative surface easily through veneer board, hence surface of core materials have to be solid and smooth. To operate cutting and sanding, glue particles in the holes of board must be removed to avoid possible inaccurate sawing or saw damage. Sanding the top and bottom of core materials with thickness setting sanding machine to ensure flatness and smoothness of board surfaces and increase products fineness and guarantee proper bonding of precious wood decorative veneers. During the process of sanding, the board must be introduced at the right speed to avoid damage of sanding machine.

  • 7. Edge Cutting & Selection

    7. Edge Cutting & Selection

    After thickness setting, automatic edge cutting machine is used to saw the board edges into specified dimension. Alternate automatic edge cutting machine will effectively reduce human errors and increase work efficiency.

  • 8. Core Categorization & Conditioning

    8. Core Categorization & Conditioning

    After completion of preliminary machining, based on “Core Quality Examination Standard” , examination and categorization are conducted.

    After completion of preliminary machining, based on “Core Quality Examination Standard” , examination and categorization are conducted.

    After being pressed under high temperature, internal of floor board core materials contains strong internal stress, a period of conditioning is needed to release the stress and moisture besides heat distribution to stabilize the core materials and further control floor board’s warping and increase bonding strength.

  • 9. Solid Wood Top Veneer Selection

    9. Solid Wood Top Veneer Selection

    The requirement of solid wood engineered flooring’s veneer is very high, not only decorative effect, relatively higher rigidity, density and dimension stability are needed. As multilayer solid wood engineered flooring is used mostly in dry environment, hence dimension stability is essential; moisture content of wood veneer; veneer’s moisture content is controlled under 12%, depending on wood species and environment’s temperature and humidity.

    In order to prevent veneer dampness or fracture due to dryness, solid wood engineered floor board veneer’s precious wood materials are selected by professionals, insect infested and decaying wood, wood with bubbles, dead knot, fractures and other defects, are disposed of, selected woods are then graded according to grains and color difference followed by marking of loose and tight surfaces before further processing and made into slab boards.

  • 10. Formation Of Slab Board

    10. Formation Of Slab Board

    After cutting the edges of core materials, selected veneers are then applied with eco-friendly adhesive NIRO3 to stick on core materials, then the assembled slab boards are heat pressed with hot press machine to form multilayer solid wood flooring slabs; hot press parameters such as temperature, time, pressure must complement with hot press technology to fulfill the requirement of product quality.

    Solid wood multilayer veneer is structured by unique cross-grain arrangement to change wood fiber’s anisotropy, improve limitation of dry shrinkage and wet expansion and reduce core’s warping after being adhered to veneer.

  • 11. Slab Boards Conditioning

    11. Slab Boards Conditioning

    After the core boards are adhered to veneer and heat pressed, internal stress is formed in the slab board, thus a period of conditioning is needed. To balance internal stress, fix it and ensure stability of floor board quality. Problem of finished board warping and deformation can be solved to a great extend and machining precision of further process would be improved.

  • 12. Floor Board Cutting & Grooving

    12. Floor Board Cutting & Grooving

    After conditioning, slab board will undergo grooving with tongue and groove (T&G) machine and cut into shape then. Grooving is a vital process, its quality plays an important role in the joining of floor boards.

    Using an advance machine equipped with horizontal double end miller or vertical double end miller to perform milling and cutting procedures, floor board’s tenon and mostise directions to be placed properly and make sure the joining method of the slots, do not place them the opposite way, the board must be pushed steadily and make sure the floor boards are not slanted after grooving.

    Before actual production, trial production should be carried out, perform dimensional examination on the tolerance of joining between tongue and groove of the very first floor board. After passing the preliminary examination, actual production can be carried out. This is to ensure flatness of floor board and the joining is tight.

  • 13. Coating & Drying

    13. Coating & Drying

    After grooving, the surfaces of flood board will be sprayed with finishing coating and under coating varnishes (NIRO3) via paint roller or paint pouring facilities., followed bydrying and setting. To ensure rigidity, wear and scratch resistances of floor board, UV varnish that is eco-friendly and resistant to abrasion is used.Besides improving surface decorative effect, floor board coating ensures smooth and clean surfaces, good protection, resistant to insects and burn.

    The coating technology is divided into 13 layers of under coating varnish and 2 layers of finishing coating varnish, exclusive varnish is used, varnish sprayed would seep into thesurface and enrich its appearance and tenacity.

    Note: NIRO3, a kind of scientific formula which produces and emits negative ions and far infrared rays.

  • 14. Finished Products Categorization & Packing

    14. Finished Products Categorization & Packing

    As wood flooring is natural wood product, color and grain variations are seen, this is unavoidable natural properties of wood. Thus, solid wood veneer will be categorized strictly before production, further stringent examination will be done after coating. The floor boards are categorized according to color ranges and grades before packing.

    Categorization is based on grade, color range, appearance quality, dimension, machining precision, physical, chemical and mechanical properties of products. Production date, type and grade etc. will be marked on the product.

    After categorization, the flooring products will be packed according to requirements. Following product features, installation and user manual is inserted, company name, address, production date, product name, type, grade, specification, quantity, trademark,waterproof and sunscreen marks etc. are labeled on the packaging, followed by thermal shrink wrap packaging.

    Product packaging is performed according to “Finished Product Packaging Standard”. Packaged products should avoid knocking, scratching and contamination. Labeled clearly and put into carton or placed on freight board, shrink wrapped and wrapped with external used plastic prior to storage.

  • 15. Finished Products Quality Assurance & Storage

    15. Finished Products Quality Assurance & Storage

    Prior to storage, each batch of products should undergo sampling check. Only up to standard products will be stored or sent out. Finished product examination will follow “Finished Products Examination Standard”. The main examination items include appearance quality requirement, dimension and approved deviation, physical, chemical and mechanical parameters (moisture content, MOR and surface resistance to abrasion etc...

    During storage, qualified products would be checked for requisite documents, packaging, labels etc. to ensure all details are in order. Storage area should be at least 1 meter away from heat source; products to be stored at designated spot, recorded, labeled and looked after.